Beaverhead Mountains, Glacial Features: These U-shaped valleys and knife-edge ridges, or aretes, were carved by thick, slow-moving glaciers during the last glacial period about 18,000 years ago.

Landform Examples

Landscape Resources

A Sampling of Suggested Resources for the Integration of Indian Education and Science (pdf) from the Montana Office of Public Instruction. Geologic squeeze boxes can be purchased on line for $25 + shipping from Rodney’s Homepage for Earth Science Teachers: This is a fabulous web site created by Helena High School teacher Rod Benson. [...]

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Landscape Glossary

Alluvial Fan Arête Atmosphere Chemical Weathering Cirque Compressional Tectonics Convection Delta Deposition Elevation Erosion Gradient Hydrosphere Landforms Lithosphere Physical Weathering Relief Soil Tectonic Extension Tectonic Forces Topographic Profiles Topography Transcurrent Tectonics Uplift Weathering

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Extension Activities

There are many opportunities to extend and expand the activities listed in this module. Several examples are listed below. Extension 1 United States Geological Survey – Schoolyard Geology Lesson Plans: These are well documented, very accessible, and cover a wide variety of geologic topics. Extension 2 Unit on Erosion: Wind, water and ice erosion lessons [...]

Time & Landscape

News Flash! When it comes right down to it, landscape development is all about time. While water, ice, wind and plate movements carve out the hills and valleys outside our windows, time is the key factor. How long do you think it took for the U-shaped valley at the beginning of this module to form? [...]

Figure 3.1: This U-shaped river valley, near Glacier Park, shows features typical of many Montana landscapes.

The Shape of Landscapes

I grew up in the prairies where you might argue that there is not much landscape. But that is not how I saw it. As a child I roamed over the tiny little hills and broad flat plains and noticed all kinds of fine detail. It wasn’t until I was at university, though, and by [...]

The MSP project is funded by an ESEA, Title II Part B Mathematics and Science Partnership Grant through the Montana Office of Public Instruction. MSP was developed by the Clark Fork Watershed Education Program and faculty from Montana Tech of The University of Montana and Montana State University, with support from other Montana University System Faculty.