Molecular Attraction & Phases of Water

Unlike most substances, water is commonly found in all its phases (solid, liquid, and gas) on earth.┬áThe unique properties of each of the phases also contribute to many aspects of life. For instance, the maximum density of water occurs at about 4.0 Celsius (Density = 0.9998 g/mL), and water is less dense upon freezing (Density […]

Structure & Properties of Water

The noblest of the elements is water. -Pindar, Greek Poet, 476 B.C. Of course, water is not an element, and almost everyone knows the chemical formula for the compound water: H2O. Many also know its bend arrangement, the atoms forming the H-O-H bonds. In Figure 1.1, both the bond angles and bond distances are represented. […]

The MSP project is funded by an ESEA, Title II Part B Mathematics and Science Partnership Grant through the Montana Office of Public Instruction. MSP was developed by the Clark Fork Watershed Education Program and faculty from Montana Tech of The University of Montana and Montana State University, with support from other Montana University System Faculty.