Electric Charge

Electric charge is a fundamental conserved property of some subatomic particles, which determines their electromagnetic interaction. Electrically charged matter is influenced by, and produces, electromagnetic fields. The interaction between a moving charge and an electromagnetic field is the source of the electromagnetic force, which is one of the four fundamental forces.

The electric charge on a body may be positive or negative. Two positively charged bodies experience a mutual repulsive force, as do two negatively charged bodies. A positively charged body and a negatively charged body experience an attractive force. The study of how charged bodies interact is classical electrodynamics, which is accurate insofar as quantum effects can be ignored.

Eighteenth-century experiments demonstrated that electric charge is quantized: the charge of any system, body, or particle (except quarks) is an integer multiple of the elementary charge, e, approximately equal to 1.602×10−19 coulombs. The proton has a charge of e, and the electron has a charge of −e. The study of charged particles, and how their interactions are mediated by photons, is quantum electrodynamics.

For more, visit the Wikipedia entry for aqueous solution, URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_charge