Water Quality Parameters: Conductivity & Hardness

Two other important chemical parameters to understand in water quality monitoring are conductivity and hardness. Conductivity is a measure of a solution’s ability to conduct electricity, and therefore a measure of the water’s ionic activity and content. The more dissolved salts in water, the higher its ionic content, or conductivity.  Conductivity is a good measure […]

Water Quality Parameters: pH

Backing up to the previous section, let’s recall what makes up water. Two charged particles: H+ and OH- are what make up pure water. Remember that water in the environment is never pure; it is an aqueous solution containing many dissolved salts and even gases. The pH of a solution is a measure of the […]

The MSP project is funded by an ESEA, Title II Part B Mathematics and Science Partnership Grant through the Montana Office of Public Instruction. MSP was developed by the Clark Fork Watershed Education Program and faculty from Montana Tech of The University of Montana and Montana State University, with support from other Montana University System Faculty.